Contract fruit growing as a key success factor for fruit preparations
In order to better manage and utilize procurement synergies, the procurement of fruits is the central responsibility of AGRANA Fruit Services GmbH. This subsidiary is the central fruit purchasing organisation for the Fruit segment and active in all major fruit growing regions in a total of 48 countries.
AGRANA’s key global advantage lies in sourcing frozen fruit directly from producers and under contractual growing agreements, which are also increasing in importance in the Fruit segment. Contract growing combined with advisory support for growers increases food safety by means of simplifying quality control and guaranteeing end-to-end traceability in the food chain, a factor which is particularly relevant in the increasing important organic market segment. In order to be able to optimise the commercial, ecological and also the social aspects of the supply chain and their traceability, AGRANA also operates its own processing plants (the first transformation step) in Morocco, Mexico, Poland and Ukraine, where the freshly harvested fruit is sorted, cleaned and frozen. Overall, around 40 percent of the fruit processed by AGRANA either undergoes the first transformation step in the group's own facilities or is sourced from exclusive contractual partners.
In the 2018|19 financial year, in response to the demand for regionally and sustainably produced apples for fruit preparations, AGRANA’s fruit preparations division launched a project in the Mexican state of Puebla to professionalise apple cultivation in this region (where apples have been grown commercially since the 1940s) in line with sustainability criteria. In the three communities of Zaragoza, Zacatlan and San Salvador el Seco, about 200 kilometres east of Mexico City, more than 50% of the 120,000 inhabitants live in poverty. In the past, as it was no longer possible to earn a living with the less professional apple cultivation, existing orchards were cleared and the land used to produce other, less suitable crops such as potatoes. This change in land use led to soil erosion and nitrate pollution of the groundwater, and in addition the required heavy use of pesticides made crop rotation after potatoes difficult.
As part of this project, which is scheduled to run until 2025, AGRANA will support interested farmers by providing know-how and purchase guarantees in order to create jobs and generate income through sustainable apple production that improves the soil and biodiversity. Specifically, training courses in tree pruning, fertilisation and tree health as well as in farm and environmental management will be conducted to prepare the participating growers by 2025 to meet the sustainability criteria for FSA silver status specified by SAI Platform. The crops from the approximately 175 hectares of apple orchards foreseen for the project will directly or indirectly benefit about 5,000 people.
In August 2013 AGRANA started a project to promote the certification of strawberry and blackberry suppliers in Jacona, Mexico, to the Rainforest Alliance (RA) standard. With the support of the local AGRANA agricultural extension team, the participating supplier farms were able to improve cultivation practices, introduce water and waste management, implement safety and health measures for their more than 2,000 employees and be certified to the RA standard. The suppliers benefited not only through the higher competitiveness resulting from the certification but also by their added popularity as employers. AGRANA was pleased to be recognised for its engagement with an award as one of the best three companies in Mexico – and the best in berry processing – in the areas of agricultural practices and food safety; the distinction was awarded by Primus GFS, a global initiative for food safety.
Regenerative agriculture in fruit farming
With the support of external experts, AGRANA has developed sets of guidelines for implementing regenerative agriculture for ground crops (such as strawberries), bush crops (for example, blueberries and raspberries) and tree crops (e.g., peaches). These guides identified 14 practices that represent regenerative methods in fruit production. The resulting, largely positive effects on soil health, biodiversity and water use were elaborated and indicators developed to measure these effects. In addition, implementation plans and measurability schedules for the various measures in the three fruit categories were developed and aspects of geographic transferability to different regions or countries were addressed.
These targets for regenerative practices were implemented at AGRANA's agricultural production site in Luka, Ukraine, in the 2021|22 financial year. The site, which produces fruit mainly for the local fresh market, was thus able last year to pass the external audit to Global GAP requirements, which are rated as Gold-equivalent in the FSA benchmarking system. Furthermore, we are currently exploring funding opportunities for the implementation of regenerative agriculture pilot farms including strawberry farms in Mexico and blueberry farms in Canada.